March 26, 2023
3:00 PM

Our Lady of the Visitation Church
3172 South Road
Cincinnati, OH 45248

Joseph Haydn
The Creation
Parts 1 & 2

L. Brett Scott
Conductor & Music Director

Greg Miller
Apprentice Conductor


The Creation, Parts 1 & 2
Joseph Haydn

The Creation (German: Die Schöpfung) is an oratorio written between 1797 and 1798 by Franz Joseph Haydn (Hob. XXI:2) in collaboration with his librettist and mentor Gottfried van Swieten, and with funding from van Swieten’s Gesellschaft der Associierten.

Originally written with bilingual text, the oratorio depicts and celebrates the creation of the world as described in the Book of Genesis, with inspiration drawn from the book of Genesis, the book of Psalms, and John Milton’s Paradise Lost.

The work is structured in three parts and scored for soprano, tenor and bass soloists, chorus and a symphonic orchestra. In parts I and II, depicting the creation, the soloists represent the archangels Raphael (bass), Uriel (tenor) and Gabriel (soprano). In part III, the bass and soprano represent Adam and Eve.

The first public performance was held in Vienna at the old Burgtheater on 19 March 1799. The oratorio was published with the text in German and English in 1800 and was enthusiastically received. Haydn frequently appeared before the public, often leading performances of The Creation and The Seasons for charity benefits, including Tonkünstler-Societät programs with massed musical forces.

[Sources: Wikipedia The Creation; Joseph Haydn]


The Creation, Parts 1 & 2
Joseph Haydn


Overture – The Representation of Chaos

The First Day

In the beginning God created the Heaven and the earth; and the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.

And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters; and God said: Let there be Light, and there was Light.

And God saw the Light, that it was good: and God divided the Light from the darkness.

Now vanish before the holy beams the gloomy, dismal shades of darkness; the first of days appears! Disorder yields and order fair prevails. Affrighted fly hell’s spirits, black in throngs; down they sink in the deepest abyss to endless night.

Despairing, cursing rage attends their rapid fall. A new-created world springs up at God’s command.

The Second Day

And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament, and it was so. Outrageous, dreadful storms now arise; as chaff by the winds impell’d are the clouds. By heaven’s fire the sky is enflamed and awful roll the thunders on high.
At his command, rise from the floods, reviving showers of rain, the dreary wasteful hail, the light and flaky snow.

The glorious heav’nly hierarchy, the marvellous work beholds amaz’d. And to the ethereal vaults resounds the praise of God, and of the second day.

And to the ethereal vaults resounds the praise of God, and of the second day.

The Third Day

And God said: Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so. And God called the dry land: earth, and the gath’ring of waters called he seas; and God saw that it was good.

Rolling in foaming billows uplifted roars the boisterous sea. Mountains and rocks now emerge; into the clouds their tops ascend. Through verdant plains, outstretching wide the rivers flow in serpent error.
Softly purling, glideth on through silent vales the limpid brook.

And God said: Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself upon the earth; and it was so.

With verdure clad the fields appear delightful to the ravish’d sense; by flowers sweet and gay adorned is the charming sight. The fragrant herbs give forth their scent, here shoots the healing plant. With copious fruit the spreading boughs are hung; in leafy arches twine the shady groves; o’er lofty hills majestic forests rise.

And the heavenly host the third day proclaimed, praising God and saying:

Awake the harp, the lyre awake! With shouts of joy your voices raise! In triumph proclaim the might of the Lord! For all the heav’ns and the earth has he clothed in glorious attire.

The Fourth Day

And God said: Let there be lights in the firmament of heaven to divide the day from the night, and to give light upon the earth; and let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days, and for years. He made the stars also.

In brightest splendour rises now the sun, and darts his rays; an eager, joyful bridegroom, a giant glad and proud to run his measured course. With gentle steps and softer silv’ry beams steals the moon through still and silent night. The boundless span of heaven’s vault is now adorn’d with numberless golden stars, and the sons of God announced the fourth day thus, in song divine, with joy proclaiming his might:

The heavens are telling the glory of God. The firmament displays the wonder of his works.

As day after day his power declares; And night after night his honour affirms.

The heavens are telling…

In all the lands resounds the word, never unperceived, ever understood.

The heavens are telling…


The Fifth Day

And God said: Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

On mighty pens uplifted soars the eagle aloft, and cleaves the sky in swiftest flight to the blazing sun. The merry lark bids welcome to the morn, And cooing, calls the tender dove his mate. From every bush and grove resound the nightingale’s delightful, liquid notes. No grief affected yet her breast, nor to a mournful tale were tun’d her soft enchanting lays.

And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, and God blessed them, saying: Be fruitful all, multiply! Ye wing’d and feather’d tribes, multiply, and sing from ev’ry tree! Multiply, ye finny tribes, and fill each wat’ry deep! Be fruitful, grow, and multiply! Rejoice in him your Lord and God!

And the angels struck their immortal harps, and the wonders of the fifth day sang.

Most beautiful appear, with verdure young adorn’d the gently sloping hills. Their narrow, sinuous veins distil in crystal drops the fountain fresh and bright.

In lofty circles play and flutter through the sky the cheerful flocks of birds. And in the flying whirl their glittering plumes are dyed like rainbows by the sun.

See flashing midst the waters bright a thousand fry that dart through rolling waves. Upheaved from the deep, see the immense Leviathan sports on the foaming spray.

How many are thy works, O God! Who may their numbers tell?

The Lord is great, and great his might; his glory lasts for ever and for evermore.

The Sixth Day

And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind; cattle and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind.

Straight opening her fertile womb, the earth obeys the word, and teems with creatures numberless, in perfect forms and fully grown. Cheerfully roaring, stands the tawny lion. With sudden leaps the flexible tiger appears.
The nimble stag rears up his branching head. With flying mane, the noble steed springs up and neighs, with spirit proud. The cattle in herds peacefully graze on fields and meadows green. And o’er the leas are scattered flocks
of fleecy, meek and bleating sheep. Unnumber’d as the sands, in swarms arise great swarms of insects. In long dimension creeps with sinuous trace the worm.

Now heaven in fullest glory shines; earth smiles in all her rich attire. The air is fill’d with feather’d fowl; the water swells with shoals of fish; by heavy beasts the ground is trod. But all the work was not complete, there wanted yet that wondrous being that God’s creation should admire and praise his works with heart and voice.

And God created man in his own image. In the image of God created he him. Male and female created he them.
He breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul.

In native worth and honour clad, with beauty, strength and courage bless’d, to heav’n erect and tall he stands,
a man, the lord and king of nature all. His noble gen’rous brow sublime declares a wisdom deep within, and in his eyes with brightness shines the soul, the breath and image of his God. With fondness leans upon his breast
the partner for him form’d, a woman fair, a graceful spouse. Her softly smiling virgin looks, of flow’ry spring a mirror, speak love, delight, and bliss.

And God saw everything that he had made; and behold, it was very good; and the heavenly choir thus closed the sixth day in song divine.

Achieved is the glorious work; the Lord delights in all he sees. In lofty strains let us rejoice, our song shall be the praise of God!

On thee each living soul awaits; from thee, O Lord, they beg their meat. Thou openest thy hand, and sated are they all.

But when, O Lord, thy face is hid, with sudden terror they are struck. Thou tak’st their breath away; they vanish into dust.

Thou sendest forth thy breath again, and life with vigour fresh returns. Revived earth unfolds new force and new delights.

Achieved is the glorious work, our song shall be the praise of God! Glorious be his name for ever; he sole on high, exalted, reigns.




L. Brett Scott, Music Director

Brett Scott joined Musica Sacra as its second music director in 2014, upon the retirement of founding director Helmut J. Roerig (deceased). Comfortable in front of a wide range of ensembles, Scott is also Musical Director of Coro Volante, a vocal ensemble dedicated to the performance and recording of music by living composers.

Scott is also Professor of Ensembles and Conducting at the UC College-Conservatory of Music, where he conducts the CCM Chorale, teaches conducting and literature at the graduate and undergraduate level, and is Music Director of Opera d’arte, CCM’s undergraduate opera company. 

Before joining the University of Cincinnati faculty, Scott was assistant professor of music and director of choral activities at the University of Rochester, where he directed the University of Rochester Chamber Singers and the Men’s and Women’s Glee Clubs. As assistant professor of conducting and ensembles at the Eastman School of Music, he taught choral techniques at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Originally from Canada, Scott has conducted and taught throughout the United States, Canada, Central America and Europe. An acknowledged expert on contemporary music, he is in demand internationally as a lecturer on Canadian music and has presented at several national and international conferences. Scott has also received national attention as a conductor and collaborative pianist in his home country.

Greg Miller, Apprentice Conductor

Musica Sacra is pleased to welcome Greg Miller as our Apprentice Conductor this season. Miller is a recent graduate of the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music, earning his Master of Music in Conducting this past spring.

A Cincinnati native, Miller has participated in the musical life of this city from an early age and continues to be active in choral, operatic, and theatrical productions around the city. Miller was a member of the Cincinnati Opera Chorus for the 2017 and 2018 seasons, performing in productions of “La Boheme”, “The Magic Flute”, “The Flying Dutchman”, and “Another Brick in the Wall”. Greg has also performed with many of the professional choirs in Cincinnati, including Coro Volante and Collegium Cincinnati.

In addition to performing, Miller was an intern with Cincinnati Youth Chorus (CYC) for two years, spending one year with Con Brio and one with Bel Canto. During that time, Miller helped prepare CYC students for performances of Bernstein’s “Mass” and Boito’s “Mefistofole” with the Cincinnati May Festival, holiday performances with the Cincinnati Pops, festival performances at Carnegie Hall, and the Cincinnati Symphony’s 125th anniversary celebration.


Kaylyn Taylor, Soprano

Kaylyn Taylor, is currently pursuing her Doctorate of Musical Arts at the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music. Some of her recent roles include Poppea in Handel’s Agrippina, Poppea in Monteverdi’s L’Incoronazione di Poppea, Papagena in Mozart’s Die Zauberflöte, and Young Leah in the world premiere of Uncovered by Lori Laitman. She has also been a featured soloist with Zion’s Symphony, (Las Vegas, Nevada) and The American Festival Symphony and Chorus (Logan, Utah). She is thrilled to be singing The Creation, one of her favorite works with CCM Chorale and Musica Sacra this Easter season.

Carlos Ahrens, Tenor

Carlos Ahrens is a promising young tenor from Orlando, Florida. He graduated from Vanderbilt University in 2022 and is now pursuing his Master of Music at the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music. Carlos has performed several leading roles, including Ferrando in Mozart’s Cosi Fan Tutte, The Mayor in Britten’s Albert Herring, and The Old Man in Ravel’s Lefant e le Sortilèges. Carlos has performed internationally, having performed the role of Tamino in Mozart’s Die Zauberflaute at the Trentino Music Festival in Fiera, Italy and Don Curzio in Mozart’s Le Nozze Di Figaro with Prague Summer Nights. Recently, Carlos has performed the role of The First Commissioner in Dialogues des Carmelités and Rinuccio in Gianni Schicchi with CCM Opera. Carlos was recently crowned one of the prize winners of the annual CCM Corbett Competition. Carlos is an accomplished oratorio singer, having sung the tenor solos in Handel’s Messiah, Handel’s Dettingen Te Deum, Mozart’s Requiem, and Haydn’s The Creation with CCM Chorale and Musica Sacra. This summer, Carlos will be performing in the Glimmerglass Opera Studio as a Young Artist.

Ryan Henry-Toledo, Baritone

Mexican-American baritone, Ryan Henry-Toledo, received acclaim for his portrayal of the role of Count Almaviva in Le Nozze di Figaro: “Henry… deftly demonstrates his emotional range, conveying aggression and charisma by turns, depending on who shares the scene.” (The Signal, Atlanta) Ryan was a finalist of Mobile Opera and Atlanta Opera’s scholarship competitions and was the winner of Georgia State University’s Honors Competition. He will be performing the role of Tommy McIntyre in Gregory Spears’ contemporary opera, Fellow Travelers, with CCM’s Opera Theater this season. Ryan’s other stage credits include Falstaff (Falstaff), Bastianello the Elder (Bastianello), and Elder McLean (Susannah). Equally at home with oratorio, Ryan has sung the baritone solos in Rossini’s Stabat Mater, Handel’s Messiah, Duruflé’s Requiem, Fauré’s Requiem and Saint-Saëns’s Oratorio de Noël. While living in Atlanta, GA, Ryan joined the professional Mariachi group, Mariachi Búhos de Oro, as a vocalist and instrumentalist touring the deep south. He attended Georgia State University’s School of Music as an undergraduate and is now pursuing a graduate degree in vocal performance at the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music.

Michael Delfin, Harpsichord Continuo

Praised for “beautiful performances of great warmth” (Classical Voice of North Carolina), Michael Delfín captures the listener with sensitivity and flair on both the modern piano and historical keyboards. Mr. Delfín recently won the top prize ex aequo in the Ninth Jurow International Harpsichord Competition, shortly after being nominated to the Diapason 20 Under 30 Class of 2021. As a pianist, Mr. Delfin has won prizes in the International Crescendo Music Awards and Chautauqua International Piano Competition. He is the artistic director of Seven Hills Baroque and serves as organist at the Episcopal Church of the Redeemer. A native of Fresno, CA, Mr. Delfín is a doctoral candidate in both piano and harpsichord at the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music, and holds degrees from the San Francisco Conservatory, Peabody Conservatory, and the Johns Hopkins University. Learn more at www.michaeldelfin.com.



Lauren Albano*
Don Auberger
Solomon Barcomb
Anne Becker
Pam Bettner
Mary Carson
Margo Carson
Julia Castiello*
Shiyang Chen*
Allyn Chezem
Denis Clark
Mike Dailey*
John Depinet*
Mira Desai*
Lauren Dewald*
Sam Dhobhany*
Anthony Dillion*
Martha Dillow
Dan Dorff
Valerie Dreith*
Shelley Dumoulin
Janis Eiler
Margarita Elias*
Eleanor Eyre*
Gretha Fergus*
Alexzandra Foitzik*
Katherine Frazier*
Christina Gong*
Grace Graham*
Beckie Linn Gregory
Daniel Grotz*
Eric Hatch
Barbara Hirtzel
Sydney Horan*
Millicent Houston*
Becky Jones
Josh Klein*
Audrey Lanier*
Sally Larson
Xiaoman Liu*
Sandra Lundgren
Carolyn Lunt
Lucas Maceroni*
Olivia Macina*
Larry Maly
Natalie Mastali*
Jackie Matisse
AJ Matson*
Anna Mears*
Serafina Medica*
Katherine Menster*
Kathy Michaels
Elaine Miller
Greg Miller
Gary Mitro
Bob Morrelles
Lea Nayak*
Mike Nolan
Carol Notestine
Margaret O’Leary
Margaret Pfarr
Cliff Pleatman
John Potvin*
Alexandria Raia*
Steve Schaefer
Charlotte Schaengold
Landon Scriber*
Christin Sears*
Susan Shackelford
Renate Sheblessy
Grant Shields*
Barbara Silbersack
Nia Spaulding*
Martin Speed
Laura Stanell*
Tong Su*
Tom Terwilliger
Alison Weber*
John Wegener
Joe White
John Widmeyer
Isaiah Wright*
Theresa Wright
Ken Wright
Leah Yackanech*
Rie Yamaguchi*
Seohee Yang*

* = CCM Chorale Student Participants


First Violin
Manami White
Amy Kiradjieff
Lisa Kim

Second Violin
Sujean Kim
Leslie Dragan

Rebekah Edewards
Peter Gorak

Tom Guth
David Myers

Nicholas Blackburn

Jennifer King
Morrigan O’Brien

Mark Ostoich
Sarah Minneman

Miriam Culley
Bryce Newcomer

Eric Louie
Noel Garcia

Brooke Ten Napel
Rebekah Lorenz

Ashley Hall
Andrew Jeng

Louis Setzer
Mike Charbel
Aaron Recchia

Brady Harrison

Michael Delfin


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